Mediterranean house with patio, palm and rain tank  

 Mediterranean house

The house: the patio
 (Maria Zambrano)

“The Mediterranean house can be shelp that it consisted first of all of a patio. In a space empty, then, and opened to the sky: to rain, to the sun, the light, and the patio they gave to the rooms all of the house; sometimes behind this first patio there was another one was closed by a wall instead of by a body of rooms where the domestic offices were developed. To the outside, street, place or field the house as soon as it offered opening some: some few and nothing ample windows.

The house was conceived in the places that are the source of our civilization as a possible the most closed enclosure. Refuge, strength, and that locked up a free space, empty… an own space. An own enclosure that a town reproduced in its structure in certain way. And what is more important, an enclosure that kept within himself the atmosphere from freedom, the space, the air, the light. Of the original cave it had the being refuge, closed place, only that.

And the patio was the center of the house humanly also. In him all the people coexisted
 of the welcomed family and guests to its hospitality. And to him in the good time
the visitors arrived to deal with the subjects the occasion. He was as a “domestic agora”. And thus thanks to the patio, the house had, has where it continues it having, true wide privacy, that is to say, open privacy where the life of relations is without invading the rooms of each, the alcove, inaccessible place, the dining room destined only to this use, the drawing rooms in days and solemn occasions.

The patio thus is the center of the house in all the senses. It is as a stove that distributes to the heat and the air. In her always it has to have a corner to the sun,
always one in the shade. By his walls it is seen turn the light of the day and enters the night with his mystery. It is a viewpoint of the sky, a place of contemplation and in 
this sense a temple. “Templum” was back in Babylon the place from where the firmament was contemplated.

The patio is in truth a mediating place. A mediating place is the patio between the limitless space and the limited space, closed of the rooms of the house. And the rooms do not have, when there is patio, why to open itself extremely to the outside, far from it to be that species of crystal cages where privacy does not exist any. The man needs the free air, the sun, the contact with the elements, but his “to be” he needs an own site, official notice with the elements, but not in 
half of them. One is a psychological question, perhaps physical metaphysics so much more that.

The patio 
it is also garden. Famous they are the flowery ones, enchanted patios
of Andalusia that I have seen modulated of certain ways in the wonderful Antillean patios.

 The patio, ours, the Hispanic patio is symbol and memory of that small piece of cannot be waived paradise [...] that, is intact in the soul. “

(1) Text conserved in the María Zambrano Foundation with the M-77 signature, 1964. In Aurora. Papers of the “María Zambrano Seminary”, number 3, Barcelona, 2001, partido popular. 142-143

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